The Golden Temple Amritsar India (Sri Harimandir Sahib Amritsar) is not only a central religious place of the Sikhs, but also a symbol of human brotherhood and equality. Everybody, irrespective of cast, creed or race can seek spiritual solace and religious fulfilment without any hindrance. It also represents the distinct identity, glory and heritage of the Sikhs. To pen-down the philosophy, ideology, the inner and outer beauty, as well as the historical legacy of Sri Harimandir Sahib is a momentous task. It is a matter of experience rather than a of description.Guru Arjan Sahib, the Fifth Nanak, conceived the idea of creating a central place of worship for the Sikhs and he himself designed the architecture of Sri Harmandir Sahib. Earlier the planning to excavate the holy tank (Amritsar or Amrit Sarovar) was chalked out by Guru Amardas Sahib, the Third Nanak, but it was executed by Guru Ramdas Sahib under the supervision of Baba Budha ji.
The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre, also known as the Amritsar Massacre was a massacre that happened in Amritsar, in 1919. It is named after the Jallianwala Bagh (Garden) in the northern Indian city of Amritsar.On Sunday, 13 April 1919, Dyer was convinced of a major insurrection and he banned all meetings, however this notice was not widely disseminated. That was the day of Baisakhi, the main Sikh festival, and many villagers had gathered in the Bagh. On April 13, 1919, British, Indian Army soldiers started shooting an unarmed gathering of men, women and children. The person in charge was Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer, the military commander of Amritsar.Amritsar has all the makings of a well-rounded tourist destination; its ancient legends, historical monuments, places of worship, old bazaars, theatre traditions and colourful festivals all serve as a window to its robust past. Excursions to the Harike Bird Sanctuary and visits to the India-Pakistan border at Wagah are an absolute delight, while breaking bread or celebrating Diwali with the denizens of this hospitable city is without parallel.
Shree Durgiana Temple is a premier Hindu temple of Punjab (India) situated in the city of Amritsar. This temple derives its name from the Goddess Durga and it is also called by the name of Shree Lakshmi Narayan Temple.The temple was constructed by Harsai Mal Kapoor in 1908 on the pattern of the Sikh Golden Temple and it is located near the Lohgarh gate. It is sometimes called Silver temple for its carved silver doors. The temple complex has some historic temples such as Sita Mata and Bara Hanuman. The idea to built Shree Durgiana Mandir as it stands today was the brain child of Gur Shai Mal Kapoor, a great visionary and religious minded person. His statue in monumental alabaster in a sitting posture has been established just opposite the main entrance or Darshani Deori. The foundation stone of the temple was laid down by Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya in 1924 on Ganga Dashmi day .
Wagah Border in Amritsar between Pakistan and India is the only road border between the two countries. It lies on the Grand Trunk Road between the cities of Amritsar, Punjab, India, and Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. The border is located 22 km from Lahore and 28 km from Amritsar.The highlight is lowering of the flags of the two countries simultaneously. The flags are folded and the ceremony ends with a gesture that involves a brusque handshake between soldiers from either side which is followed by the closing of the gates. The ceremony has been filmed and broadcast by Michael Palin for one of his television around-the-world travel programs; he described it as a display of "carefully choreographed contempt.
Maharaja Ranjit Singh Museum
A history buff or not, Maharaja Ranjit Singh Museum is a wonderful place to visit on your trip to Amritsar. The museum was earlier the summer palace of Maharaja Ranjit Singh that has been now turned into a marvelous museum. Maharaja Ranjit Singh was called the Lion of Punjab because of his audacity. He is a prominent figure in the history of India.
The museum premise is surrounded by a grand garden that is named Ram Bagh, after the great Guru Ram Dass. This summer palace of Maharaja Ranjit Singh is now being officially preserved under the Punjab Ancient and Historical Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1964. It was converted into a Museum during the 400th year celebrations of Amritsar City.
A huge number of visitors and tourists today visit this museum to see the timeless antiquities and art objects of the 18th and 19th century. The museum exhibits many objects related to the life of Maharaja Ranjit Singh like his arms and arm our, paintings and centuries old coins and manuscripts. The rich collection of weapons and ammunition are another thing in the museum that portrays the dauntless attitude of the warriors of Punjab. One of the most significant things in the museum is the parwana of Maharaja Ranjit Singh gifted to the Raja of Kapurthala holding the seal of Ranjit Singh.
Chheharta Sahib is a village located 7 km west of Amritsar city of Punjab in India, on the Grand Trunk Road leading to the Pakistan Border. The Town derives its name from the Gurudwara Chheharta Sahib, founded by the fifth Sikh Guru Guru Arjan. Guru Arjan, the fifth Sikh guru, had a large well constructed in this area. The well was so large that it required 6 Persian wheels to operate. Chheharta got its name from the six wheels, where six is chhe, and the Persian wheel is called hart.
16 Kilometres west of Amritsar on Choganwan road is Ram Tirath, commemorating Maharishi Balmik Ji's heritage.Also the birth place of Luv & Kush ,the two sons of Lord Rama. A big fair now recognised nationally and lasting for four days is held here since times immemorial on every Kartika Puran-mashi (full moon night in November).
SHAHID BABA DEEP SINGH GURUDWARA, AMRITSAR The great Sikh scholar and martyr Baba Deep Singh was mortally wounded here. In 1762 the Afghan invader Ahmed Shah Abdali ordered the Golden Temple blown up and the Sacred Tank filled in. Baba Deep Singh the greatest Sikh scholar of his time took up the sword on a mission to restore the sanctity of the Golden Temple. He along with five thousand faithful Sikhs fought against the Muslim forces of Jahan Khan. Although heavily outnumbered the Sikhs fought bravely.
Baba Budda Sahib
Baba Budda Ji is recognized as one of the great Sikhs of the Guru period. He had the privilege of being blessed by the first six Gurus. He led an ideal Sikh life for more than a hundred years. He was one of closest companions of the guru Nanak (the first Guru of Sikhism) and is one of the most revered and sacred saints in Sikhism. He holds one of the most important and pivotal positions in Sikh history. The first head Granthi of Sri Harmandir Sahib. Baba Budda applied Tilak/Tikka to five Sikh Gurus, from Guru Angad Dev Ji to Guru Hargobind Ji.